What is assembly line production?
Assembly line production, also called flowing water production flow operation, refers to a kind of production organization form in which the object of labor continuously processes and produces the product according to a certain craft route and the production speed, continuously through the various working places, in order to process and produce the product. It is the further development of the organization form of object specialization, and it is a kind of production organization form of fine division of labor and high production efficiency. Henry. Ford (henry ford) established a production system in highland park, Michigan in 1913.
Fixed production of one or a few products (parts) on the assembly line, in which the production process is continuous; the workstations on the assembly line are arranged in the order in which the process of the product is carried out. Each place of work completes only one or a few process with a high degree of specialization; the assembly line is produced according to the rhythm of the assembly line. The production capacity of the assembly line is balanced and proportional, and the processing time of each working procedure is equal to the multiple of the beat or beat; The assembly line is equipped with a special transmission device, and the product is moved along one-way transportation route.
The products are stable in variety and need for a long time in the society. The products are advanced in structure, the design is finalized, the products are standardized and have good structural technology, the raw materials and cooperation parts are standard, standardized, and can be supplied on time. The machine and equipment can always be in good condition and carry out the scheduled prerepair system. The work of each production link can meet the working quality standard stably and the product inspection can be carried out on the assembly line with the production line.
The main advantage of assembly line production is that the production process can meet the requirements of continuity, parallelism, proportionality and balance. It is highly productive and can deliver products in a timely manner that are heavily needed by the market. Due to specialized production, special equipment and process equipment and mechanized transportation equipment are used in the assembly line, which can improve labor productivity, shorten the production cycle, reduce the consumption of in-process products and transport workload.
Speeding up capital turnover and reducing production cost can also simplify production management and promote enterprises to strengthen production technology preparation and production service work. The main drawback of assembly line production is that it is not flexible enough to meet the requirements of the market for product output and variety changes, as well as the requirements of technological innovation and technological progress. It takes more investment and time to adjust and restructure the assembly line. Workers work on the assembly line monotonous, nervous, easy to fatigue, not conducive to the improvement of production technology.